Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Consumers Motivation and Satisfaction of 5

Presentation over the span of the most recent few decades, rising degrees of shoppers in China have gotten exhausted of going to chain inns known for pleasing an enormous number of clients (Erkutlu Chafra 2006).Advertising We will compose a custom proposition test on Consumers’ Motivation and Satisfaction of 5-Star Hotel in China explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More 5-star lodgings are the predominant lavish inns that acknowledge personal and high expectations for worldwide visitor administrations and concentrated visitor care (Gunasekaran Anandkumar 2012; Jang Wu 2006). They incorporate the parts of close arrangement, individual or select setting, and quality administrations (Van Hartesvelt 2006). Most of shoppers have begun slanting to 5-star inns. From around 1980s, there has been escalated advancement of 5-star inns in China to offer an increasingly private encounter (Jiang, Gretzel Law 2014). This investigation will be completed to examine the inspiratio n and fulfillment of 5-star inn buyers in China. The investigation of consumers’ driving force and fulfillment to remain in the 5-star lodgings will give specialists in the accommodation division thoughts for the arranging of administrations and items, notwithstanding powerful client correspondence. Issue Statement There are restricted examinations on 5-star lodgings. The appreciation of the inspiration and fulfillment of purchasers is a crucial worry in the friendliness part. 5-star lodgings in China have significantly outperformed other lavish inns in each angle. Neighborliness experts have discovered that purchasers are as yet spurred to provide food for 5-star inns paying little heed to the troublesome budgetary occasions. The inability to fathom the inspiration and fulfillment that drive buyers to 5-star inns could cause the neighborliness experts to misjudge the prerequisites of shoppers and neglect to plan the administrations and items for the 5-star inns effectively, which could diminish the inspiration and fulfillment of purchasers along these lines prompting the breakdown of the 5-star hotels.Advertising Looking for proposition on business financial aspects? How about we check whether we can support you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For example, 5-star inns could neglect to expand on the prerequisites of the shoppers and plan the promoting and commercial arrangements as per the inspiration and fulfillment of the customers. Reason for the Study The justification behind this examination will be the investigation of the parts of purchaser inspiration and fulfillment of 5-star inns in China. In such manner, the examination will introduce crucial and practical guides for upgraded heartfelt gathering. Inferable from the inadequacy of studies in regards to buyer inspiration in 5-star inns in China, this investigation can be esteemed huge in expanding on research in this field. Goals To investigate the inspiration of purchasers in 5-st ar lodgings in China To break down the fulfillment of buyers in 5-star inns in China To build up the draw and push inspiration parts of buyers in 5-star inns in China Research Question What impacts the inspiration and fulfillment of buyers in 5-star inns in China? Writing Review Motivation indicates a circumstance that pushes an individual toward an achievements that bring about fulfillment (Hsu 2014). Inspiration and fulfillment have been significantly utilized in the investigations of purchaser drive to 5-star lodgings and numerous examinations have talked about the push-pull hypothesis in the clarification of inspiration of customers (Law, Wu Liu 2014). Push angles signify the drive for individuals to partake in touristic activities or the internal igniters that induce the purchasers to lean toward a given 5-star inn (Johanson 2008). Pull viewpoints indicate the powers that attract visitors to choose a specific help or item in the travel industry (Prayag Ryan 2011). Numerous scie ntists have portrayed 5-star lodgings through the recognizable proof of their interesting perspectives, for example, private belonging, little size, plan arranged to interrelate with visitors separately, and nonexistence of replication, with the greater part of them concentrating on various subjects or mood (Yang, Wong Wang 2012). Through featuring of expressive uniqueness, high qualities, and individual dealings with buyers, 5-star lodgings have decided an elite character in the inn part (Pereira-Moliner et al. 2012). The centrality and improvement of 5-star inns in China have been dynamic from the 1990s (Gross Huang 2011).Advertising We will compose a custom proposition test on Consumers’ Motivation and Satisfaction of 5-Star Hotel in China explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More The accommodation area in China has experienced noteworthy progression from 1978, when financial change was actuated (Mandabach et al. 2014). The headway of the 5-star inns has encap sulated the quick budgetary move of the country everywhere (Xie Heung 2012). As per the subtleties from the China National Tourism Administration, there are in excess of 15,500 star 1 to 5 inns in China, and they continue expanding bit by bit (Zhou et al. 2014). The contemporary lodging industry has been progressing for more than 3 decades (Qi, Law Buhalis 2013). At around 1980, worldwide lodging groupings wandered the Chinese market accordingly making administration bargains, notwithstanding joint endeavors (Zeng Ryan 2012). Throughout the most recent decade, 5-star inns have been soaked in the significant city across China, for example, Beijing, Guangzhou, and Shanghai; in this manner, more noteworthy endeavors are being embraced to begin 5-star inns in little metropolitans, for example, Xiamen. Solid rivalry in the lodging business in China has made the 5-star inns partake in separation and point specialty advertise segments (Zhang, Guillet Gao 2012). This has brought about the m aking of themed, boutique, and occasion resorts, notwithstanding extraordinary different sorts of settlement to fulfill new buyer needs. Gu, Ryan, and Yu (2012) surveyed the headway of the 5-star lodgings in China from 1980 in the significant city and credited the advancement to buyer inspiration and fulfillment. All things considered, Gu, Ryan, and Yu (2012) certify the insufficiency of examination focused on the accommodation area in similarly little city in China that especially thinks about 5-star hotels.Advertising Searching for proposition on business financial aspects? How about we check whether we can support you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Find out More As per Guillet, Zhang and Gao (2011), 5-star lodgings in China have three crucial perspectives that envelop style, difference, generosity, and closeness. The subsequent viewpoint is uncommon and custom-made help that relates the shoppers and inn faculty while the third is the focusing of purchasers that are in their mid 20s to around 50s, with medium to high wages. Technique The point of this investigation will be the examination of the fulfillment and push and pull inspiration parts of purchasers in 5-star inns in China. The examination will utilize the essential methods for information gathering and subjective procedure of investigating the information. Information Collection The information for this examination will be gathered from two 5-star inns in China, Shangri-La Hotel, Fuzhou, and Golden Flower Hotel, Xian. The administration of every lodging will be mentioned to send electronic mail solicitations to 200 individual, Chinese customers more than 18 years old and that remained in the inn for at least one night over the span of the most recent one year. The greeting will clarify the point of the examination, and an update will be sent following fourteen days. Following one month following the greeting, the clients that will have affirmed investment will be treated as the example for the examination. Following the recognizable proof of the example for the examination, open-finished inquiries will be set up as they look for reactions that the questioner may not envision and are typically longer concerning the experience of the members. The open-finished inquiries will offer an opportunity for the members to response the request in a paper position thus creating numerous subtleties without confinement. The importance of the study technique will lie in its clearly drawing out the parts of inspiration and fulfillment of purchasers in the two inns. Before doing the meeting, the members will be given a defense on the explanations for the meeting, the use of the survey, the severe classification with which the mutual reactions will be dealt with, and the decision of interest. Preceding getting down to react to the inquiries, the members will be approached to ask where they may require further insights about the investigation. The term for responding to the inquiries will be about 60 minutes. The members will be educated regarding the use of a recording device with the goal of upgrading the precision of information and guaranteeing a protected and enduring record. After the meeting, the recorded data will be interpreted to make a dependable hotspot for reference, notwithstanding approval. Results, Findings, and Data Analysis The adequacy of the information investigation will be dependent on the sort of inquiries utilized and the reactions from the members. The subjective strategy of investigation will be completed where illustrative examination of the ostensible information will aid the evaluation of fulfillment and inspiration of the member s in the 5-star inns. Conversation and Conclusion Discussion 5-star inns are a nearly novel area of the lodging segment, especially in China. In spite of the fact that the push-pull hypothesis will be utilized in the investigation of inspiration and fulfillment of buyers in this examination, just few investigations have utilized this hypothesis in 5-star inns. As this investigation attests, past examinations have not focused on the inspiration and fulfillment of customers in 5-star inns; henceforth, this examination will assume a key job in filling this re

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Women in Psychology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words - 1

Ladies in Psychology - Essay Example Karen Horney kept up extra perspectives on youngsters and the beginning of nervousness, conceding her regard in the mental network. This task portrays the foundation of Karen Horney and features her numerous commitments to brain science. Karen Horney (1885-1952) experienced childhood in Hamburg, Germany to increasingly princely, upper-working class guardians with a Protestant foundation. Horney’s father was a profoundly strict man and a boat chief while her mom was a progressively liberal scholar who elevated Horney to prevail in clinical school (Smith, 2007). This was during a period in the mid twentieth Century when ladies had not yet accomplished the option to cast a ballot, making Horney’s appearance in clinical school in 1906 a grand occasion, particularly with her attention on considering Freud’s perspectives on analysis (Eckardt, 2005). In the 1920’s, Horney started to challenge Freud’s perspective on manliness and womanliness, particularly in territories of sexual turn of events and sexual nature. She started to scrutinize Freud’s viewpoint in which he accepted that ladies felt second rate compared to men since they didn't have a penis (Eckardt). Horney felt this was an uneven point of view, loaded with manly narcissism, which reliably made inclination against ladies during analysis. After some time, Horney redeveloped Freud’s see on female sexuality and made another format by which ladies are surveyed: One in which the nonattendance of a penis no longer turned into the apparent establishment of women’s inconveniences. As it, depended on the women’s testimonial developments happening during this timespan, Horney figured out how to free ladies when being dissected for mental examination as more than simply the result of manly jealousy. Sigmund Freud established the framework for a significant number of the perspectives on the time in regards to uneasiness and the improvement of constructive character qualities. Throughout the years, Karen Horney redeveloped the perspective on tension by proposing that nervousness isn't

Tuesday, August 11, 2020

The Junior Fall Line-Up, Part 2 Extracurriculars

The Junior Fall Line-Up, Part 2 Extracurriculars Overheard at MIT (Fall 2012) [MIT Sophomore walks around in a circle.] MIT Sophomore: I am doing no work :( MIT Freshman: Woahyou actually ARENT doing work, because the total work in circular motion is zero! FYI, the line my academic plans? Ive got bigger plans. Better plans. is from a musical written by MIT students that I performed in. The moral: there is more to MIT than earning your degree. Without further ado, these are the various extracurricular things that Im involved with this semester: Blogging This. French House Cooking I live in French House, one of the cultural houses within New House (the others are German House, Spanish House, Chocolate City, and International House.) New House doesnt have a dining plan, so its up to the residents to feed ourselves. Different living groups choose different self-feeding methods: French House has a very organized cooking system. The 25-or-so members are split up (by day of the week) into cooking teams of 3-5 people. Im on the Friday cooking team. This means that, every Friday, I show up in the kitchen at 4pm, cook with my team-mates, serve dinner at 6:15pm sharp, eat, then clean up. What we cook depends on whos cheffing. Within a cooking team, we rotate through being the chef. Its the chefs job to 1. Come up with a menu, which usually consists of four dishes. 2. Send the list of ingredients, and cooking instructions, to the French House food steward. The food steward multiplies the list of ingredients by whatever fraction necessary to feed the whole house, places the online order, and has it all delivered to the house in time for the cooking day. 3. Show up on the day, and ensure that all the dishes are cooked and served on time. I cheffed two Fridays ago. Heres what my menu was, in case youre curious (note that its not French, at all): FRUIT SALAD 1 pint fresh strawberries 1 pound seedless green grapes, halved 3 bananas, peeled and sliced 1 (8 ounce) container strawberry yogurt KEN SHOE GREEN BEANS ½ cup canola oil 1 pound fresh green beans, trimmed and cut into 2-inch pieces 1 tablespoon minced fresh ginger root 1 tablespoon minced garlic 1 ½ teaspoons dark soy sauce ½ teaspoon white sugar 1 pinch black pepper FILIPINO AVOCADO MILKSHAKE 1 avocado â€" peeled, pitted, and cubed 5 cubes ice 3 tablespoons hite sugar 1 1/3 cups milk 1 teaspoon fresh lemon or lime juice 1 scoop vanilla ice cream PINEAPPLE FRIED RICE 1 cup uncooked white rice 2 cups water 2 tablespoons sesame oil 3 green onions, thinly sliced including tops 1 cup diced ham 1/2 cup peas 1 (8 ounce) can pineapple chunks, drained 1 egg, beaten 1 tablespoon white sugar 1 teaspoon salt 1/2 teaspoon white pepper 1/2 teaspoon garlic powder 1/4 cup soy sauce The fried rice turned out kind of sticky, and I shouldve been a little braver about putting sauce on the green beans, but all in all I think it was a success. Om nom nom. MITs Educational Studies Program (ESP) I love teaching. In High School, I did a lot of tutoring and mentoring. ESP  runs a number of programs that give MIT undergraduates the opportunity to teach whatever they want: from random, one-off things like How much do you know about Canada? and Lockpicking 101 to full-year AP preparation courses. Since freshman year, Ive been teaching one-off classes in whatever strikes my fancy at the time (ex. Senses and Sense-abilities, a class about the neuroscience behind your sensory systems). Sophomore spring, my friend and J-Lab partner Eric 14 and I taught an eight-week introductory cosmology class, for High School students. This fall, Im preparing to teach two classes for ESPs big Splash event, in which a gazillion MIT students teach awesome one-off classes to a gazillion middle- and high-school kids: Introduction to Radio Astronomy, and Introduction to Pulsars. Basically: classes inspired by my summer research. This semester, Im also working behind-the-scenes with the ESP admin crew planning events, brainstorming ways to make the events better, that kind of thing. They are wonderful people. The BU (Boston University) Astronomy Club One of my friends from my summer research program goes to BU, and is the president of their astronomy club. They meet for an hour every Wednesday, then go help with the BU public observing night on the roof. They bring in speakers, travel to New Hampshire and Maine to observe, and are hoping to conduct a research project with Harvard this fall. On Wednesdays, I make the trek across the river its refreshing to get off-campus for a while, and geek out with non-MIT students. One of the perks of going to university in the Cambridge/Boston area: how many other awesome universities are in the area. Take advantage of it. French House Sports Im the sports chair for French House, which means that I coordinate our athletics program. This semester, well be fielding a badminton team for MITs intramural sports program.  This fits nicely with my: MedLinking + role as an Associate Advisor I will point you to one of my recent blog posts for a description. UROP with the MIT Astrophysics Division   My advisor from the summer collaborates with a professor in MITs Astrophysics division; I met with him a couple weeks back, and will be working with him through the year in the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (UROP). The research he does nicely complements my work from the summer I feel prepared to jump right in without too much additional training and itll be nice to see pulsar/neutron star research from a different perspective. Now Im off to pset, because despite how exciting I am about my various extracurricular commitments, classes come first. Questions? Comment below. Post Tagged #French House #New House

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Theory Of The Four Yugas - 1028 Words

Kristin Hager Professor D.T. Reusser Mythology- HUM 2143 29 April 2017 Theory of the Four Yugas Lasting four million three hundred twenty thousand years, are four ages known as Yugas. The ancients understood time as a circle, not linear. Each age has distinct themes and spiritual lessons. According to the Hinduism scriptures, all mortal beings are destined to pass through four great epochs in every cycle of creation and destruction. The world has already been through the first three and is currently passing through the fourth Yuga. It is believed that the world will end in a great conflagration after the last Yuga. To some, this appears too unrealistic to be true for the rational mind, so many may wonder: What defines each age? When and†¦show more content†¦The people had all fallen prey to delusion and all pious acts had been swallowed by greed.† Scientists have predicted that by the end of this Yuga people will hardly be older than twenty years and their only food will be meat. It’s depressing to say that our society’s actions are progressively getting worse as we continue to live during each age. It’s freighting to think of what is going to happen in the future. According to, one cycle of all four Yugas is called a Maha Yuga, and one thousand Maha Yugas make up one Kalpa. A Kalpa constitutes just one day of Brahma, the creator god. After the day is over, Brahma goes to sleep, and then the night of Brahma commences. This night is the time period when the physical universe, along heavens and hells are destroyed by fire emanating from the mouth of Vishnu s serpent Adiseshan. Adiseshan is said to hold all the planets of the universe on his hoods and to constantly sing the glories of the God Vishnu from all his mouths. It is believe that after the disaster that Lord Brahma would recreate the universe and mankind will live once again. MostShow MoreRelatedAkilathirattu Ammanai3350 Words   |  14 Pagesof previous yugas that are associated also with other Hindu puranas, Ithihasas etc. The God-heads namely Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Sarasvati, Lakshmi, Parvati, Skanda, and Ganesh were all found part of mythology throughout the scripture. The book starts with the explanation given by Vishnu to His consort Lakshmi about the evolution of Universe, life forms and subsequently of human beings, and the reason for his multiple-arrivals to earth. It is said that there is a total of 8 aeons or yugas and we areRead MoreThe Feminist Literary Criticism : Women s Struggle Against Evil And Masculine Forces Essay1671 Words   |  7 PagesLakshmi, the goddess of learning as a perfect duty minded. From our mythology, we understand that woman plays a key role in the whole world. She is multifaceted. We have four Yugas. Of all the yugas, Kaliyuga is known for sin and evil. The whole world is filled with violence, atrocities and corruption. Women in this yuga are ill-treated, tortured and dominated. We cannot deny the fact that women in India have made a considerable progress after independence, but they still have to struggle againstRead MoreEnd of the World Essay examples2245 Words   |  9 Pagesthis will happen at the end of Kali Yuga. Kali Yuga is the last of the four stages that the world goes through as part of the sequence of yugas described in the Hindu teachings. Kali Yuga began at midnight (00:00) on 18 February 3102 BCE on the Julian calendar, or 23 January 3102 BC in the Gregorian calendar. The Kali Yuga is customarily consideration to last 432,000 years. â€Å"Kalki, the final Avatara of Vishnu is also prophesized to appear the end of the Kali yuga, to wage the final battle betweenRead MoreMysteries of Antarctica1738 Words   |  7 PagesNew-Age books altering his perspective of the world. He believed that the current age, Kali Yuga, would end in a global cataclysm. Giving birth to a new world-age called the Satya Yuga. By Sending a Nazi colony to the Neuschwabenland Himmler was ensuring that a remnant of the Aryan race would survive the global cataclysm and become the rulers of the world in the New-Age. According to believers of these theories, the Neuschwabenland colony survived not only the end of War World II, but a battle withRead MoreHindu Mythology2128 Words   |  9 Pagesby dismembering the cosmic man who was known as Purusa. (D.A Leerning, 2001)The importance of this myth is that the caste system is founded in it. The caste system says that certain sections of society are meant by birth for certain tasks. There are four traditional castes of Hindu society which are: priests (‘Brahmins’), nobles (‘kshatriyas’), general populace (‘vaishyas’) and the servants (‘shudras’ ); each was created for observance and performance of certain duties which carry particular importanceRead MorePhilosophy Essay1805 Words   |  8 Pagesin the Hindu perception the cosmos is re-created an infinite number of times. Hence, Hinduism is classified to follow a basic mathematical cycle in which is written as â€Å"One creation, destruction cycle† This is known in Hindu terminology as â€Å"One Maha-Yuga† of the cosmos. This takes approximately 8,640,000 human years. This could also be measured as a one full day in Brahma’s Life. Therefore 8,640,000 human years multiplied by 360 is one year in the life of Brahma or the cosmos. Since it is known thatRead More Hinduism Essay3998 Words   |  16 Pagesis â€Å"Sanatan Dharma†. Sanatan means eternal and Dharma means religion. Hinduism is based on finding acquiring knowledge thought means of science and though the use of yoga, Hinduism is all about finding one’s self-realization. The classical theory of the beginnings of Hinduism traces the religions roots to the Indus valley civilization circa 4000 to 2200 BC. The development of Hinduism was influenced by many invasions over thousands of years. The major influences occurred when light-skinned;Read More Mans Search for the Purpose of Life Essay5493 Words   |  22 Pagessimilar to the one undergone by the soul at the time of ones physical death. We have to rise above body-consciousness. The theoretical knowledge of this process is not enough. Practice is far more important. An ounce of practice is more than tons of theory. So we have to link our soul with the Word. Let us now consider what the Word (Naam) signifies. The Word has two aspects. One is an epithet and the other is that ultimate Power to which the epithet refers. For example, water itself is one thing,Read MoreHistory of Science Technology in Indian Subcontinent5042 Words   |  21 PagesVedÄ nga Jyotiá ¹ £a is a religious text, it has connections with Indian astrology and details several important aspects of the time and seasons, including lunar months, solar months, and their adjustment by a lunar leap month of AdhimÄ sa.[25] Ritus and Yugas are also described.[25] Tripathi (2008) holds that Twenty-seven constellations, eclipses, seven planets, and twelve signs of the zodiac were also known at that time.[25] The Egyptian Papyrus of Kahun (1900 BCE) and literature of the Vedic period

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

The Great Puerto Rican Migration - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 5 Words: 1506 Downloads: 1 Date added: 2019/10/31 Category History Essay Level High school Tags: The Great Migration Essay Did you like this example? US history have taken place for many different reasons pertaining to the laws and reasons of the great migrations. Although the immigration of Puerto Ricans isnt nearly as significant as many others, it has made enough of an impact to make it on to the history books. As mentioned by Bill Breisky in Looking for the Promise Land, Compared to historys great population shifts, the Puerto Rican migration to the mainland is not significant. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "The Great Puerto Rican Migration" essay for you Create order But in America, in this age of immigration quotas, it is a notable phenomenon. The chronicle of the migration is a story of how a partially cooled melting pot is making room for what may be its last great influx from a foreign land. As the time has passed since the first great migration in in the late 1800s, a population of over 5 million Puerto Ricans has formed over all 50 states according to the BEPR. Puerto Rican Immigration to New York in the 1800s was due to an extended period of injustice towards the residents on the island from the Crown in Spain and then later in the 1900s there was mass immigration again to New York due to the economy. Puerto Rico became a colony of Spain in 1508, it remained this way until 1898. In the years that it was a colony of Spain there was no middle class, only a royal class and the majority were poor. The lifestyle of the people was that of a very poor nation, as the crown got richer. This led to revolts and as soon as the United States ceded the Island from Spain in 1898 there was some people that immediately decided to leave. Many of those that wanted to couldnt because they could no afford it. So once Puerto Ricans finally had the right to move to the United States very few of them decided to leave. Although people in the United States attempted to describe Puerto Rico as a glamorous tourist destination, there was a time in the early 1900s that the island suffered a severe economic depression. Poverty was widespread, and very few could afford the expensive trip to the mainland. According to the article in the Library of Congress Immigration in 1910, there were fewer than 2,000 Puerto R icans in the continental U.S., mostly in small enclaves in New York City, and twenty years later, in 1930, there were only 40,000 more. Puerto Rican migration exploded once World War 2 ended. In 1945, only 13,000 Puerto Ricans lived in New York City; but after 1946 there were more than 50,000. That was the breaking point, over the next 10 years more than 25,000 Puerto Ricans started to migrate over each year, topping out in 1953, when more than 69,000 came in just that year. By 1955, there were almost 700,000 Puerto Ricans in the United States and by the mid-1960s, more than a million Puerto Ricans had moved over. From the 40s to the 60s Puerto Ricans viewed the United States as the land of opportunity. The mentality was that they would come to this land where there was a Gold Rush and they would make plenty of money. For some this was certainly the case and they found great success in places such as New York working industrial jobs or in California in the Steel Mill industry. Many found themselves on their way back home to the Island when they realized that they had moved to a culture they didnt understand, to a style of life they did not know to fit into and to an economy that although was rebuilding and booming didnt quite fit the description that they were told when the Industrial Recruiters went to the island to tell the people of these great jobs that were available. As mentioned in Of Immigrants and Migrants, Puerto Rican migrants brought greater social costs because they were entitled to access the American welfare state. In all technicality the movement of Puerto Ricans from the Islan d to the mainland is considered internal migration because Puerto Ricans are born Citizens. They have every major right that someone born in the 50 states has other than voting for congress, unless they move to a state and then they are qualified to vote for congress. This was such a false concept though, to consider Puerto Ricans migrating from the island to the mainland internal migration was far from accurate. They had to make an enormous transition from the Spanish culture to that of a growing developing nation with all sorts of diversity. The first large group of Puerto Rican to move over to the United States found themselves forming communities in cities throughout the country. Some of these cities were Chicago, Philadelphia. However, even though there were Puerto Ricans moving to other parts of the country, since the 1930s, the capital of Puerto Rican culture in the United States was New York City. Although it was far from the Caribbean the ability for Puerto Ricans to use Airplanes to migrate made the move attainable. Puerto Ricans found themselves moving in masses to a specific area of Manhattan, in a neighborhood that eventually was called Spanish Harlem. Most of these men and woman moving over to New York were farm workers in Puerto Rico, yet they had to adapt and so they found themselves getting jobs such as staffing the hospitals, the factories, the hotels, and they soon became a major part of the citys political and cultural life. The migration to the 50 states practically halted in the late 60s and was very slow all throughout the 70s, as a recession led to fewer jobs in large U.S. cities. This caused many of the first generation that moved to the States to start making their return to Puerto Rico. The ones that decided to stay started to run into very common issues for immigrants such as poverty, unemployment, and racial discrimination. As mentioned in the article Immigration, the darker-skinned Puerto Ricans were omitted from jobs and ran into the same issues that most other colored people a that time were running into with housing and education. Another major issue that Puerto Ricans ran into was the language barrier, which at times made it very difficult to find good paying jobs or the ability to go to government agencies and get adequate treatment. Eventually the second generation of U.S mainland born Puerto Ricans came around and new political movements were born as well. This generation of Puerto Ricans started to make the proper moves towards getting granted greater civil rights, such as education and less discrimination in the job market. The most major campaign that this generation brought on was the desire to change the status of Puerto Rico. Finally, the day came in a 1951 referendum, the Puerto Rican population voted and with overwhelming results the island became a U.S. commonwealth as they would rather that over remaining a colony. This was not enough for many Puerto Ricans and groups formed that called for full independence. This led to militant nationalists going as far as firing weapons on the U.S. House of Representatives as they attempted to assassinate President Harry Truman. There were also groups that form to create awareness for the people that remained on the island, which continued to struggle economically. All these tremendous efforts by the first and second generation of Immigrants from Puerto Rico carved the way for the rest of those that decided to keep moving into the 90s and 2000s. There are plenty of institutions such as churches, community centers, schools and businesses built by Puerto Ricans all throughout the country. The Puerto Rican parade is the largest parade for any cultural or ethnical group. Times were tough for many that came looking for opportunity in the United States in the early 1900s, as would be expected for any immigrant or internal migrant. Its never an easy task to leave the comfort of your native city or state so much less would it be an easy task to leave the comfort of your native country and culture and must fully immerse yourself into an entirely new one. Now the new generation all the way into the Milleniums get to enjoy a very normal American life and the immigration efforts of all their Grandparents and Great Grandparents have created a significant po pulation of Puerto Ricans in the USA that has become significant enough to sway elections and become a significant group to keep on your political side in states like Florida and New York according to the article Puerto Ricans in the United States, by the Oxford Research Encyclopedias. This has been a long time coming, many efforts initially came from those that were just trying to find a better life, then came the groups that simply wanted a change of scenery with a mix of those that really needed to find a better life and eventually left us with the generations that are living a very normal life from the day they are born without even having any recognition of why or how they ended up where they are.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Modal Cosmological Argument Free Essays

THE REASONABLENESS OF ACCEPTING OR REJECTING THE MODAL COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT: In this essay I shall explain why it is reasonable to accept â€Å"The Modal Cosmological Argument† as a rational explanation for the existence of God. The modal cosmological argument makes use of â€Å"modal† elements such as possibility, necessary existence and contingent existence to prove that a necessary being – namely God – exists. It also applies to the entire cosmos and all possible cosmoi and therefore deemed to be â€Å"cosmological†. We will write a custom essay sample on The Modal Cosmological Argument or any similar topic only for you Order Now Medieval theologians and philosophers of different religious views have developed the MCA over time. Examples include; the Christian Thomas Aquinas, the Islamic Al Kindi Ibn Sina and the Jewish Moses Mainmonides. * The argument begins with the notion that every existing being or being which existed can either be a contingent being (something that depends on something other than itself for it’s existence) or self-existent. The second premise argues that if every being were dependent one would find that no being at all would ever exist or even come into existence. However, it is clear that some being does in fact exist even if it is only myself and therefore there MUST be at least one being who is independent, necessary and self-existing. * It is this being that we take to be God. This denial of universal dependancy stated in the second premise is known as the â€Å"Cosmological Insight†. The logic behind the cosmological insight can be illustrated using a simple analogy involving train coaches. A coach by nature relies on something else in order to move. If there was a system in which there were only train coaches present, one would find that there would be no motion. It would not matter whether there are an infinite series of coaches attached to one another or if they formed a complex loop. In order to introduce motion, one needs to add something radically different to the system which moves of its own accord. In this case it would be a locomotive. The same logic can be applied to the theory of existence. Contingent beings are unable to â€Å"generate† their own existence and require some sort of force to do this for them- a necessary being or God. * There are a number of possible alternatives to the Cosmological Insight that can be argued. However one finds that all these different notions result in inexplicable brute facts which are defined as facts that have â€Å"no explanation†. * If all beings are contingent then a set of them would have had to at some stage simply â€Å"pop† * into existence causing all the other beings in the cosmos. This idea results in complete and utter mystery as there isn’t anything to explain how the first few contingent beings came about. Before they apparently â€Å"popped into existence†*, there would have to have been a state of absolute metaphysical nothingness which raises the question as to how these beings appeared, since there would have been no resources available to them. One could choose to argue that perhaps contingent beings never had to â€Å"pop into existence† but instead have always simply been. At first this notion appears logical yet upon closer examination one finds it too leads to another brute fact as there is nothing to explain why these beings existed when they need not have done so in the first place. The same reasoning applies to the presence of an infinite series in which every contingent being was caused to exist by another. One could claim that If all contingent beings within this series has a cause and explanation in terms of its existence, then it isn’t necessary for the entire series to also have a cause and explanation- there is no further explanation required and therefore no mystery involved. But the catch here is that one still can’t explain why the infinite series exists when it need not have and so another brute fact arises. Another reason why this alternative is unsuitable is the fact that an infinite series may not even be possible. William Lane Craig demonstrates this idea using the example of â€Å"Hilbert’s Hotel†. * We are asked to Imagine that this particular hotel has an infinite number of rooms and that all these rooms are full. * When a new guest arrives requesting a room the hotel should in theory, be able to accomodate him by shifting each current guest next door until room no. 1 is vacant. * However e are reminded that before this new guest arrived, all the rooms were full thus showing that it isn’t possible for an infinite series to exist. * All these contingency only options result in brute fact. One could argue that there is actually nothing wrong with accepting this and that a brute fact shouldn’t be considered a weakness in the theories stated above. My response to this would be that unexplainable facts violate Principle of Sufficient Reason and are therefore are unacceptable. The Principle of Sufficient Reason claims that anything that happens does so for a specific purpose. In other words, there is an explanation as to why things are the way things are, as opposed to some other way they might have been. PSR therefore serves to support the Modal Cosmological Argument by making brute facts seem insufficient and inconclusive through use of the cosmological insight. It is important to note that accepting the existence of God is not the same as accepting a brute fact because God is the only possible reason as to why there is a contingent order. In order to violate PSR there would have to be another option other than God’s existence that is true and this is not the case. The Big Bang theory, the idea that the universe amounted from nothing and the notion that the universe has simply always existed all fail to explain why contingent beings exist. Therefore the presence of a necessary being is the only feasible option. In â€Å"Why I am not a Christian† Betrand Russell claims that the Modal Cosmological argument is unreasonable as it doesn’t account for where God himself comes from, â€Å"If everything must have a cause, then God must have a cause†. Similarly Richard Dawkins argues that the cosmological argument makes the â€Å"entirely unwarranted assumption† that God himself is i†mmune to regress†. * However it is these objections that are unwarranted simply because God is not in the same explanatory predicament as dependent beings. He is a necessary and radically different bein g who halts infinite regress of explanation ex hypothesi. Thus the MCA still stands. Upon review of the modal cosmological argument one can see that the conclusion of argument is logical and follows from the premises in a understandable manner. Intuitively the premises themselves can be said to be reasonable. The crux of the matter is the fact that the MCA depends on accepting the Principle of Sufficient Reason and thus if one refuses to do so, the entire argument collapses. In my opinion, it is rational to accept PSR because it is precisely what causes us to keep searching for explanations behind contingent facts until we find sufficient reason to doubt that there is an explanation. Decartes stated, â€Å"I think, therefore I am. * and it seems to me, that it is simply human nature to question the reasons behind the way things are. If we didn’t accept PSR life would be filled with unbearable uncertainty and one would find that science and philosophy itself would cease to exist because there would be no motivation whatsoever to broaden our understanding of how things work, their purposes and what causes them. The human race would be far less advanced in terms of knowledge and awareness. Therefore it is undoubtedly m ore reasonable to accept the modal cosmological argument than it would be to deny it. â€Å" How to cite The Modal Cosmological Argument, Papers

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Management Information free essay sample

On September 17, the bank paid the check and charged it against Siegels account. F. Siegel discovered that the check had been paid and informed the bank that the check was postdated for November 14. G. Siegel demanded the funds be returned to his account and the bank refused. H. The bank refused to refund the $20,000 and Siegel sued for wrongful debit of his account. 3. Issue Is the bank required to refund Siegels money because the check was postdated for November 14? 4. Rule Commercial Code 542 (2d ed. 980). If the depositor were permitted to retain benefits, and recover the amount of the check as well, he would profit at the banks expense. Therefore, Section 4-407 provides that upon payment, the bank is subrogated to any rights prior holders may have had against the drawer-depositor, on either the check or the initial underlying transaction, and to any rights the drawer may have against the payee or other holders. We will write a custom essay sample on Management Information or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page G. L. c. 106, Section 4-407. 5. AnalysisThe Supreme Court held that:A. The check was a negotiable instrument. B. The Check was not payable until November 14. C. The bank was negligent in paying it before that date. D. The bank had no right to debit Siegels account. E. Siegel had not waived his rights or ratified the banks action and was not estopped from demanding the $20,000. F. The wrongful debit caused Siegel a loss of $20,000. 6. ConclusionThe Supreme Court held that New England Merchants National Bank wrongfully debited Siegels bank account.